Shop our huge selection of workwear and work boots , giving you the stability and safety required on the job. Sizes were true to size and fitted everyone perfectly! The convict button is extremely rare.
In , explorers Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains and found rich grass plains as far as the eye could see. This was an economic bonanza for the New South Wales businessmen. The Government tried to regulate land use by setting up 13 counties radiating out from Sydney for miles in all directions.
Land use beyond these was forbidden. All the while Aboriginal people were being forced off their homeland and in many cases murdered if they resisted. In , Flinders circumnavigated the continent and was the first person to use the term Australia when referring to the whole continent of New Holland, New South Wales and Van Diemens Land.
To curb the dominance of the squatters and to end the system of free convict labour, the Colonial Government decided to promote the migration of free settlers and limit squatter land leases to 14 years. This was to create an emancipist free people consumer economy and improve the moral tone of the colony.
The Colonial Government assisted some migrants by paying their fare to Australia and helped to set up farms and businesses alongside the wealthy squatters — who of course were not very happy with such competition. About one third of migrants who came to Australia between and paid their own way.
Convicts and settlers who came to Australia found that in comparison to Europe, conditions were very good and with hard work and determination they could prosper. They encouraged their relatives in England to come to Australia and enjoy the prosperity. Women migrants were also assisted to curb a gender imbalance in the colonies, to work as domestic servants and to foster marriages and childbirth. These migration schemes resulted in 58, people coming to Australia between and Between and approximately , convicts were sent to Australia.
The Australian Agricultural Company was incorporated in An agreement with the British Government was negotiated that a million acres of land in New South Wales would be granted to the Company. The Company were to select the most advantageous site for the million-acre grant. They would provide workers for the Colony at no cost to the Government and also employ a large number of convicts.
The Committee rejected this and Port Stephens was next suggested. The Government handed over possession of the Newcastle Coal works in and by the Company had repaired machinery and commenced operations. The official opening was held on the 10th December The company employed convicts to work the mine.
These convict miners were housed in Pit Row and fed and clothed by the Company. The buttons were made in England for the AAC convict clothes. The convict button has historical significance as evidence of the colonial government attitude to convicts as a commodity. The convict button has aesthetic significance in the design and function of penal garments from the early colonial era.
The convict button is significant for researchers as it is one of the few existing Australian Agricultural Company convict buttons from that time. Its design and manufacture make it a good example of a convict garment from early colonial Australia and Britain. The button is well provenanced and documented. The convict button is extremely rare. It is the only Australian Agricultural Company convict buttons in public collections in Australia.
The button also represents the coming of Europeans to Aboriginal Australia as it is instantly recognisable as a convict button and a symbol of the British penal colony at and expansion from Sydney Cove. The button is in excellent condition for its age and material. The convict button interprets the dependence of convict labour in the establishment, survival and expansion of the early colony at New South Wales.
It also interprets the brutal convict origins of European Australia and the Government system. Australia to , Longman Cheshire, Sydney.
Heritage Collections Council , Significance: A guide to assessing the significance of cultural heritage objects and collections , Canberra. This website has been archived and is no longer updated. The content featured is no longer current and is being made available to the general public for research and historical information purposes only. Courtesy National Library of Australia Convicts were considered government property with few rights or humanity.
Broese, F , Island Nation: JB is a family run business that has been manufacturing work clothing for the past 20 years and they always strive to meet Australian standards.
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